What Causes Kidney Stones
Kidneys are bean-shaped organs which are about the size of your fist, located at the back of your abdomen on both sides of your spine. The main function of these organs is removing excess fluids, unwanted electrolytes and bodily wastes from your blood through the form of urine. Your ureters carry the urine to your gall bladder, where it will be stored until of course, it’s time to pee.
There is really no underlying reason as to what causes kidney stones for most people, but it is a well-known fact that these stones are formed when the acids, fluids and other various minerals --- which are components of our urine --- are imbalanced. When this occurs, crystals are formed thru substances such as uric acid and calcium; these crystals are harder to dilute especially if the available fluid is not enough to dissolve them. Also, your urine may lack substances that can prevent crystals from becoming stones. If a person is highly acidic, or has high alkaline content in urine, it is also possible to develop kidney stones.
There are also instances where there’s a problem with the way your body system absorbs and eliminates substances such as calcium which can increase the chance of developing kidney stones. Also, another reason as to what causes kidney stones is an inherited kidney disorder or inherent metabolic problems such as gout. There are also drugs which are used in treating high blood pressure, heart diseases and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that can increase a person’s chance of developing kidney stones.
There is no exact, single reason as what causes kidney stones; a combination of a number of factors may be the culprit for these painful stones from forming in your bladder.
Kidney stones contain more than one type of crystals. Determining which type may be present in your urine will not only help pinpoint the underlying cause (or causes) but can also serve as a guide as to how you, with your physician’s help, can stop these stones from developing, for good.
The following are the types of kidney stones and their composition:
- Calcium stones – approximately four out of five kidney stones are calcium stones which are, most of the time, in the form of calcium oxalate. Although found in some fruits and veggies, oxalate are mostly produced by the liver. Very large doses of vitamin D, dietary factors, certain metabolic disorders and even intestinal bypass surgery can increase the amount of oxalate in the system.
- Struvite stones – these results, most often than not, from urinary tract infections and is more likely to be resent in women that in men. These stones resemble the horns or a stag and can be large enough for it to fill the entire space in the kidney where urine is collected.
- Uric acid stones – these are made from the byproduct of protein commonly known as, of course, uric acid. If you are on a high protein diet or have gout, you have a higher risk of developing these stones.
- Cystine stones – these are present in people with inherent disorders, resulting in kidneys producing more amounts of amino acids than needed by the body.
Although it is advisable to know the type of stones that are formed in your kidney
before undergoing any medication, it is still best to take care of your health so as not to regret the aftermath of your negligence.
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